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Ibrahim El-Salahi: A Visionary Modernist
Ibrahim El-Salahi: A Visionary Modernist chronicles the evolution of Sudanese artist Ibrahim El-Salahi's work over more than fifty years of sustained artistic productivity and intellectual engagement.


A Congo Chronicle: Patrice Lumumba in Urban Art

Votez tous M.N.C.-L. Liste No. 4. Campagne électorale (1959)[Cast Your Vote for Lumumba. Election campaign, 1959]. By Kalume. Oil on fabric.

Congolese urban art, or popular painting, is a primary medium of urban cultural memory in the Congo. The popular paintings in A Congo Chronicle trace Lumumba's story from his winning the national elections during the period preceding the Congo's accession to independence, his daring independence tirade, and his subsequent removal from power and execution.

These popular depictions of Patrice Lumumba exemplify the Congolese tradition of venerating mythic or cultural heroes. Just as classical African sculptures portrayed cultural innovators, urban art helped transform Lumumba into a powerful symbol. Made to be within the buying power of the urban middle classes, these paintings could be reproduced, hung in homes, and have major political effect in a country where many people did not read or have access to mass media. Through these paintings, the viewer gains insight into the popular issues of the era and understands how visual arts can shape national consciousness.

A Congo Chronicle: Patrice Lumumba in Urban Art is organized by the Museum for African Art, New York.

A 110-page full-color catalogue by guest curator Bogumil Jewsiewicki of Laval University, Quebec, with essays by contributing scholars Jean Omasombo Tshonda, Nyunda ya Rubango, Dibwe dia Mwembu, and Mary Nooter Roberts and Allen F. Roberts accompanies the exhibition.

For more information about this traveling exhibition, please contact

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